The swine flu scare is back in the country. The H1N1 virus, known in day to day parlance as swine flu, has reportedly surfaced in Andhra Pradesh and Telengana. The H1N1 virus is air borne and generally spreads very rapidly.
There has been a spurt in swine flu cases during the last one month. The tally of swine flu cases has touched 210 this year. 173 cases were reported in the region during the 12 months of 2016. However, more than 3000 cases were reported in 2015. The virus mutates and becomes resistant to the vaccines. Hence nothing can be said with certainty about the spread of the virus.
The type A influenza virus spreads through cough, sneeze or a simple touch and has the potency to cause respiratory problems. The other symptoms of H1N1 virus include body pain, excessive weakness and runny nose. In some cases, people who contract the virus also experience pain in the eyes.
In severe cases, the patient may end up in the ICU in a hospital. In addition to the physical discomfort and mental agony, the patient has to spend a huge amount for treatment.
Over the last few years, it has sniffed life out of scores of people living in different parts of the country. While the virus can affect anybody, old people, pregnant women and people having some underlying medical condition are especially susceptible to the disease.
While the medicine Tamiflu is available to thwart the spread of the virus, the medical fraternity is unanimous that prevention is better than cure. Washing hands frequently and avoiding overcrowded public places are some of the basic measures to be taken when the threat of the spread looms large.